Trade agreements are trade agreements designed to facilitate market access and promote greater international harmonization of compliance standards while protecting consumer safety. A traditional MRA is a mutual recognition agreement for „compliance assessment.“ In the context of an independent trade policy of the United Kingdom, there will be an increasing emphasis on the trade relationship between the United Kingdom and Australia. This report identifies areas of action where a common direction could address certain common objectives, whether negotiations on free trade agreements or other trade instruments such as mutual recognition agreements and regulatory dialogue. Mutual recognition agreements set out the conditions under which a party (non-member state) accepts compliance assessment results (for example. B tests or certifications) conducted by the compliance assessment agencies (CABs) designated by the other party to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of the first part (non-member) and vice versa. CEPs are usually concluded with candidate countries with which the EU has association agreements (see our presentation on association agreements) and are a step in the accession process. The aim of the EPCA is to bring the technical rules of a candidate country in line with those of the EU in terms of preparation for EU membership. This type of MRA is by nature temporary, as it disappears when the country joins the EU internal market. For example, the European Commission`s recent free trade agreements with Canada and Korea provide for the conclusion of a compliance assessment MMA, without asking their partners to adapt their regulatory requirements to those of the EU.
It is essential that „traditional“ MRA does not require states to harmonize the rules (i.e. establishing technical standards and common rules) and do not require parties to one MRA to recognize each other`s requirements as equivalent – MRA is limited to the recognition of the partner`s CAB`s responsibility for assessing compliance. If the EU refuses to negotiate a similar system of mutual recognition with the UK, this may violate the most favoured nation obligation (MPF) under WTO law.